Fri, 17 Sep 2021

How will Iran's next gov't embrace nuke talks?

Xinhua
26 Jul 2021, 21:30 GMT+10

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The next Iranian administration faces complicated negotiations over the revival of the 2015 nuclear deal, internationally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), but it should remain prudent and avoid approaches which might harm its national interests, Iranian analysts said.

TEHRAN, July 26 (Xinhua) -- Iran's Foreign Ministry has recently confirmed that the Vienna talks to revive the Iran nuclear deal would continue as normal after President-elect Ebrahim Raisi is sworn in on Aug. 5.

The next Iranian administration faces complicated negotiations over the revival of the 2015 nuclear deal, internationally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), but it should remain prudent and avoid approaches which might harm its national interests, Iranian analysts said.

The U.S. government under former President Donald Trump withdrew from the 2015 agreement in May 2018 and unilaterally re-imposed sanctions on Iran. In response, Iran gradually stopped implementing parts of its commitments to the deal in May 2019.

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POWER TRANSITION

Iran will continue to attend the Vienna talks to revive the nuclear agreement after Raisi and his cabinet take office, Iran's Foreign Ministry said on July 19.

Ministry spokesperson, Saeed Khatibzadeh, said during an online press conference that Iran's policy will not change under the new administration.

Iran, he added, will return to its commitments as soon as the United States returns to its obligations and Iran verifies it.

As for the U.S. side, "we remain open to continuing and ultimately to completing the JCPOA discussions in a productive manner," State Department spokesman Ned Price told reporters recently.

"We were prepared to continue negotiating, but the Iranians have requested more time to deal with their presidential transition," he said, adding that "we recognize, along with the international community, the advantage of a mechanism that ensures permanently and verifiably that Iran cannot acquire a nuclear weapon."

Between April 6 and June 20, the JCPOA Joint Commission, attended by a U.S. delegation indirectly, held offline talks in Vienna to discuss a possible return of the United States to the JCPOA and how to ensure the full and effective implementation of the deal.

After six rounds of talks, the parties said serious differences remain between Iran and the United States for the revitalization of the deal. The sixth round of talks ended on June 20, with the talks currently on hiatus.

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POLITICAL PRUDENCE

If the negotiations between Raisi's government and other parties involved reach a deadlock, the positive aspects of the JCPOA will be lost, leading to a challenging period in international relations, Hassan Hanizadeh, a Middle East analyst, wrote in Iran's Arman Melli daily on Saturday.

"The next government should not disrupt the chess of negotiations with no reason, but to make the most use of its positive output to improve the living and economic conditions of people," Hanizadeh noted.

"Rationality in negotiations, the avoidance of using challenging and provocative words in future negotiations, and the prevention of global consensus against Iran" should be on the agenda of Raisi's diplomatic mission, he added.

Global experience has shown that whenever diplomatic approaches in international disputes come to a standstill, the parties involved could move towards violent means, resulting in serious repercussions for the security of the region and the world, Hanizadeh said.

"The issue of Iran's nuclear program must be resolved with political patience," Hanizadeh said.

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